January 28, 2017

UTAH : Bluff - San Juan County

Bluff, Utah


The Navajo "Twin Rocks Cafe" in Bluff, UT


Bluff is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Juan County, Utah, United States. The population was 320 at the 2000 census.

History
Under the direction of John Taylor, Silas S. Smith and Danish settler Jens Nielson led about 230 Mormons on expedition to start a farming community in southeastern Utah. After forging about 200 miles (320 kilometers) of their own trail over difficult terrain, the settlers arrived on the site of Bluff in April 1880. (The trail followed went over and down the "Hole In the Rock", which now opens into one of the tributaries of Lake Powell.) The town was named for the bluffs near the town site. The town’s population had declined to seventy by 1930 but rebounded during a uranium prospecting boom in the 1950s. With the uranium decline in the 1970s Bluff again declined and now remains a small town with about 300 residents.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Twin Rocks Cafe
Twin Rocks Cafe & Gift Shop

Many years ago we opened Twin Rocks Cafe. Since that time our restaurant has become famous world wide for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Our Twin Rocks menu includes scrumptious meals with a wide variety of dishes that are sure to fit anyone's palate. Be sure to stop by while traveling along the Southwest's Highway 191 in the the Four Corners region of Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado. While you are here visit the Twin Rocks Cafe gift shop featuring Native American Jewelry, housewares, organic cotton t-shirts and much more!


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January 25, 2017

ENGLAND : New Scotland Yard - MPS


URBAN-STREET VIGNETTES



Communication and information solutions - Met Police, Buckingham Palace, UK

ロンドン警視庁  - Metropolitan Police Service


ロンドン警視庁(ロンドンけいしちょう、英語: Metropolitan Police Service, MPS)は、イギリスの警察組織の一つ。首都ロンドン一円(中心部のシティを除くグレーター・ロンドン全域)を管轄する首都警察であると同時に、国家全体の警備公安警察や王族・政府要人警護といった特別な任務も担っている。本部所在地はウェストミンスター区ニュー・スコットランドヤード。

イギリスでは、古来より地域の秩序・平和を維持する責任は地域住民各々が負うべきであるという自治の意識が強く、組織的な警察機構には反発が強かった。しかし18世紀以降の工業化に伴う都市化に伴い、従来のコミュニティに依拠した警察機構では、複雑化する犯罪への対処が難しくなっており、大都市ロンドンではその傾向が特に顕著であった。このことから、ロンドンのボウストリートで主席治安判事に任命されたヘンリー・フィールディングは、従来の無給・素人コンスタブルのかわりに、適切な給与・教育を施したプロフェッショナルとしてのコンスタブルの必要を認め、1749年、教区内のコンスタブルから6名を選任してボウストリート巡察隊 (Bow Street Runners) を組織した。この隊は極めて能率的に活動し、地区の犯罪を大幅に減少させたことから、全国的に有名になり、現在では英国の近代警察の萌芽と評されている。政府もその有効性を認め、1797年には大尉を指揮官とする68名のボウストリート徒歩警邏隊、1798年にはテムズ川警邏のための水上警察(River Thames Marine Police Force)を設置した。水上警察の設置に貢献したコルコーン治安判事は、更に進めて、単一の首都警察隊の設置を提唱したが、同時期のナポレオン・ボナパルトのフランス第一帝政における秘密警察体制が連想されたためもあって反発が強く、実現しなかった。
しかし19世紀に入ると、英仏戦争終了に伴う戦後の停滞や労働紛争の激化を受けて、急進派戦争 (Radical War) に代表されるような騒擾・騒乱事件が多発するようになった。大部分のコンスタブルには暴動鎮圧を行うだけの能力はなく、治安判事は、暴動を放置するか、あるいは軍の治安出動による多数の犠牲者を容認するかという深刻な二者択一を迫られることになり、新たな治安対策が急務となった。この情勢を受けて、1822年に内務大臣に就任したロバート・ピールは首都警察の創設を提唱し、一度は挫折したものの、説得工作を進めるとともに法案自体も漸進的に改訂し、1829年7月、ついに首都警察法(英語版)が成立した。これによって設置されたのがロンドン警視庁である。

ロンドン警視庁には、the Met、Met Pol、MP、the MPSなど、非公式の呼び名や略称が数多くある。ロンドンのコックニー方言では、俗に "Old Bill" と呼ばれた。成文化された法律の記述においては、"service" の代わりに、"metropolitan police force" や "metropolitan police" の表記が用いられる例がある。また、初代の本部庁舎が所在していたホワイトホールのグレート・スコットランドヤードの地名に因む、スコットランドヤードという換喩は、ロンドン市民にとどまらず、世界中に広く知られ親しまれている通称である。特に日本においてはロンドン警視庁と訳されることが専らである。これは、MPS側が公式に使用している名称であるが、日本(東京)の警視庁に倣って訳された名称であるとする説もある。

Wikipedia

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January 18, 2017

ARIZONA : Cynomys ludovicianus - Prairie Dog

Arizona black-tailed prairie dog


Cute little Prairie dogs eating grass, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona



Prairie dog

Arizona Black-tailed Prairie Dogs
Prairie dogs (genus Cynomys) are herbivorous burrowing rodents native to the grasslands of North America. The five species are: black-tailed, white-tailed, Gunnison's, Utah, and Mexican prairie dogs. They are a type of ground squirrel, found in the United States, Canada and Mexico. In Mexico, prairie dogs are found primarily in the northern states, which lie at the southern end of the Great Plains: northeastern Sonora, north and northeastern Chihuahua, northern Coahuila, northern Nuevo León, and northern Tamaulipas. In the United States, they range primarily to the west of the Mississippi River, though they have also been introduced in a few eastern locales. Despite the name, they are not canines.

Etymology

Prairie dogs raise their heads from their burrows in response to disturbances.
Prairie dogs are named for their habitat and warning call, which sounds similar to a dog's bark. The name was in use at least as early as 1774. The 1804 journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition note that in September 1804, they "discovered a Village of an animal the French Call the Prairie Dog". Its genus, Cynomys, derives from the Greek for "dog mouse".

Description

On average, these stout-bodied rodents will grow to be between 30 and 40 cm (12 and 16 in) long, including the short tail, and weigh between 0.5 and 1.5 kilograms (1 and 3 lb). Sexual dimorphism in body mass in the prairie dog varies 105 to 136% between the sexes. Among the species, black-tailed prairie dogs tend to be the least sexually dimorphic, and white-tailed prairie dogs tend to be the most sexually dimorphic. Sexual dimorphism peaks during weaning, when the females lose weight and the males start eating more, and is at its lowest when the females are pregnant, which is also when the males are tired from breeding.
Wikipedia


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January 13, 2017

ARIZONA : Prairie Dog - Cynomys ludovicianus

Cynomys ludovicianus

Prairie Dogs


Arizona Black-tailed Prairie Dogs, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, Arizona



Arizona black-tailed prairie dog


Cute little Prairie dogs eating grass
The black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus), is a rodent of the family Sciuridae found in the Great Plains of North America from about the United States-Canada border to the USA-Mexico border. Unlike some other prairie dogs, these animals do not truly hibernate. The black-tailed prairie dog can be seen above ground in midwinter. A black-tailed prairie dog town in Texas was reported to cover 25,000 sq mi (64,000 km2) and included 400,000,000 individuals. Prior to habitat destruction, this species may have been the most abundant prairie dog in central North America. This species was one of two described by the Lewis and Clark Expedition in the journals and diaries of their expedition.

Black-tailed prairie dogs are generally tan in color, with lighter-colored bellies. Their tails have black tips, from which their name is derived. Adults can weigh from 1.5 to 3.0 lb (0.68 to 1.36 kg), males are typically heavier than females. Body length is normally from 14 to 17 in (36 to 43 cm), with a 3-to-4 in (7.6-to-10.2 cm) tail.

The historic range of the black-tailed prairie dog was from southern Saskatchewan to Chihuahua, Mexico, and included portions of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. As of 2007, black-tailed prairie dogs occur across most of their historic range, excluding Arizona; however, their occupied acreage and populations are well below historic levels.
Wikipedia

Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum

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January 8, 2017

NAVAJO NATION : East Mitten Butte - Oljato-Monument Valley

Oljato-Monument Valley


East Mitten Butte and “The Rock”, Oljato-Monument Valley, Navajo Nation


West and East Mitten Buttes

West and East Mitten Buttes (also known collectively as The Mittens) are two distinctive geological features found within the Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park in northeast Navajo County, Arizona. When viewed from the south, the buttes appear to be two gigantic mittens with their thumbs facing inwards.

The two buttes are about 0.6 miles (0.97 km) from the Arizona–Utah state line and West Mitten Butte is 1.1 miles (1.8 km) northeast of the park headquarters. The summit of West Mitten Butte is 6,176 feet (1,882 m) and East Mitten Butte is 6,226 feet (1,898 m) in elevation.

The Mittens form a triangle with Merrick Butte about 2/3 of a mile to the south and, with Sentinel Mesa.

The buttes are made of three principal rock layers. The lowest layer is Organ Rock Shale, the middle is de Chelly Sandstone, and the top layer is the Moenkopi Formation capped by Shinarump Conglomerate.


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January 2, 2017

NAVAJO NATION : Dune Patterns - Oljato-Monument Valley

Happy New Year 2017


Ripple pattern on sand dunes with rays of the sun, Oljato-Monument Valley, Navajo Nation


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