October 31, 2016

ARIZONA: サワロ国立公園 - ツーソン・AZ

SAGUARO SUNSET

TMS Award (Toppan Moore Systems)    
Silhouetted Saguaro Cactus at Sunset, Saguaro National Park, Tucson, Arizona




サワロ国立公園 Saguaro National Park


サワロ国立公園(さわろこくりつこうえん、Saguaro National Park)は、アリゾナ州にある米国の国立公園である。サワルオとも呼ばれる。 サワロ国立公園は2つの地区に分かれており、1つはツーソン市の中心から東へおよそ32 km(20 マイル)にあり、もう1つは西へ24 km(15 マイル)にある。総面積は、370 km²(91,327 エーカー)(143 平方マイル)で、そのうち289 km²(111 平方マイル)はウィルダネスに指定されている。それぞれの地区にビジター・センターがある。どちらもツーソンから車で簡単に行けるが、公共交通機関で行くことはできない。西側はツーソン山脈、東側はリンコン山脈 (Rincon Mountains) という大きな山脈を含むソノラ砂漠の素晴らしい地域を保護している。公園は、地域原産のサワロサボテン (ハシラサボテンの一種)からその名がある。その他の多くの種類のサボテン、タマサボテン (barrel cactus)、チョーヤカクタス、ウチワサボテン (prickly pear)も、公園内でよく見られる。レッサーハナナガコウモリ (Lesser Long-nosed Bat) という絶滅が危惧されている動物が一種、渡りの時期に公園に住む。また、準絶滅危惧種のニシアメリカフクロウもいる。公園への年間訪問者数は、およそ600,000人(2006年は、619,983人)である。

公園は、1933年5月1日、サワロ国定史跡 (Saguaro National Monument) として設立され、1994年10月14日、国立公園となった。園内には、はっきり識別できる手入れの行き届いた240 km(150 マイル)のハイキング道とそれより短い解説付きの自然歩道もある。暑い夏季のハイキングはお勧めできない。
ウィキペディア




Saguaro National Park
Tucson, Arizona


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October 26, 2016

ARIZONA: Picacho Peak - near Tucson

Have Fun in the Southwest - AZ


View of Picacho Peak from the southwest, Picacho Peak State Park, Picacho, Arizona



Picacho Peak State Park

Picacho Peak State Park is a state park surrounding Picacho Peak in Picacho, Arizona. The park is located between Casa Grande and Tucson near Interstate 10 in Pinal County. Its centerpiece spire is visible from downtown Tucson, a distance of 45 miles (72 km). The summit rises to 3,374 feet (1,028 m) above mean sea level. Though appearing to be the remnant of a volcanic neck, it is now believed to be a tilted and eroded piece of rock overlain by a lava flow. The place name is redundant: "picacho" means "big peak" in Spanish.

The park is celebrated for wildflowers that appear mid-March to early April following good winter rain. Though set next to an interstate highway, the park's west face possesses an unspoiled Sonoran Desert setting. A small flat space on top of the spire can be reached via two trail heads. Portions of the trails are precarious, and hikers are aided by cables and catwalks, making the routes some of the few via ferrata in the United States. From the top, there is a view south to the Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, northwest to Tabletop Mountain near Casa Grande, north to the many mountain ranges surrounding Phoenix, and west to where the north-running Santa Cruz River runs underground supporting farms in a quaint desert valley.

The park recommends that hikers wear boots and carry two liters of water per person. Gloves are commonly used to help grip the cables.
wikipedia



Picacho, Arizona


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October 19, 2016

WYOMING: the Fishing Cone - Yellowstone National Park

West Thumb Geyser Basin : Fishing Cone


The Fishing Cone at the West Thumb of  Yellowstone Lake, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming


Fishing Cone Geyser - Yellowstone Lake
wikipedia

Fishing Cone is a geyser in the West Thumb Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park in the United States.

In the earlier part of the 20th century, this cone had eruptions as high as 40 feet (12 m). As the water level in Yellowstone Lake has increased, the cone is now inundated during the spring and the temperatures in the cone have cooled enough that it no longer erupts and is now considered a hot spring.

The name Fishing Cone can be traced back to tales told by mountain men of a lake where you could catch a fish then immediately dunk it into hot spring and cook it on the hook. A member of the 1870 Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition popularized this feat.




yellowstone lake
Yellowstone National Park


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October 15, 2016

VERMONT: Pumpkins - Autumn Fall

A Fall Favorite : Pumpkins


Farm selling Pumpkins, Waitsfield, Vermont



Pumpkin

A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange coloration. The thick shell contains the seeds and pulp. Some exceptionally large cultivars of squash with similar appearance have also been derived from Cucurbita maxima. Specific cultivars of winter squash derived from other species, including C. argyrosperma, and C. moschata, are also sometimes called "pumpkin". In New Zealand and Australian English, the term pumpkin generally refers to the broader category called winter squash elsewhere.

Native to North America, pumpkins are widely grown for commercial use and are used both in food and recreation. Pumpkin pie, for instance, is a traditional part of Thanksgiving meals in Canada and the United States, although commercially canned pumpkin puree and pumpkin pie fillings are usually made from different kinds of winter squash than the pumpkins frequently carved as jack-o'-lanterns for decoration around Halloween.

Pumpkins, like other squash, are thought to have originated in North America. The oldest evidence, pumpkin-related seeds dating between 7000 and 5500 BC, was found in Mexico.

Since some squash share the same botanical classifications as pumpkins, the names are frequently used interchangeably. One often-used botanical classification relies on the characteristics of the stems: pumpkin stems are more rigid, prickly, and angular (with an approximate five-degree angle) than squash stems, which are generally softer, more rounded, and more flared where joined to the fruit.

Traditional C. pepo pumpkins generally weigh between 6 and 18 pounds (2.7 and 8.2 kg), though the largest cultivars (of the species C. maxima) regularly reach weights of over 75 pounds (34 kg).

The color of pumpkins derives from orange carotenoid pigments, including beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha and beta carotene, all of which are provitamin A compounds converted to vitamin A in the body.

Wikipedia



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October 7, 2016

VERMONT: INDIAN CORN - FLINT CORN

Indian Corn: Fall Favorite


Close up of a selection of Indian corn in beautiful autumn hues, Waterbury Center, Vermont



Flint corn / Indian corn


Flint corn (Zea mays indurata; also known as Indian corn or sometimes calico corn) is a variant of maize (var. Linnaeus), the same species as common corn.[1] Because each kernel has a hard outer layer to protect the soft endosperm, it is likened to being hard as flint; hence the name.

History
With less soft starch than dent corn (Zea mays indentata), flint corn does not have the dents in each kernel from which dent corn gets its name. This is one of the three types of corn cultivated by Native Americans, both in New England and across the northern tier, including by tribes such as the Pawnee on the Great Plains. Archeologists have found evidence of such corn cultivation by the Pawnee and others before 1000 BC. Cultivation of corn occurred hundreds of years earlier among the Mississippian culture people, whose civilization arose based on population density and trade because of surplus corn crops.

Distinctive traits
When fully ripe, dent corn has a pronounced depression or dent at the crown of each kernel. Flint corn kernels lack these depressions.
Because flint corn has a very low water content it is more resistant to freezing than other vegetables. It was the only Vermont crop to survive New England's infamous "Year Without a Summer" of 1816.

Coloration
The coloration of flint corn is often different from white and yellow dent corns, many of which were bred later. Most flint corn is multi-colored. Like the Linnaeus variant of maize, any kernel may contain the yellow pigment zeaxanthin but at more varying concentrations.

Uses
Popcorn (Zea mays everta, "corn turned inside out") is considered a variant of this type. It has a hard, slightly translucent kernel.

Flint corn is also the type of corn preferred for making hominy, a staple food in the Americas since pre-Columbian times.

The flint corn cultivars that have large proportions of kernels with hues outside the yellow range are primarily used ornamentally, notably as part of Thanksgiving decorations in the United States. They are often called either "ornamental corn" or "Indian corn", although each of those names has other meanings as well.
Wikipedia



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October 2, 2016

NAVAJO NATION : the Rainbow Room - Lake Powell AZ

Lake Powell Resorts & Marinas


Lake Powell Sunset, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Page, Arizona


Dining with World-Class Views

Start your day in Lake Powell Resort's Rainbow Room with a bountiful breakfast buffet filled with fresh fruit, pastries, pancakes and eggs - to fuel up for the adventures ahead. After a fun-filled day, join us again as our chef tempts you with entrées ranging from fresh fish to flame-broiled beef and a delightful selection of vegetarian fare. We welcome our guests to come as they are and enjoy the casual spirit of the West at our resort.

Lake Powell Resorts & Marinas
100 Lakeshore Drive, Page, AZ 86040

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