June 26, 2016

ARIZONA : Arizona Desert Sunset - Saguaro National Park

Southwestern Sunset


Burning Sunset in Saguaro National Park, Tucson, Arizona



サワロ国立公園: 

サワロ国立公園(さわろこくりつこうえん、Saguaro National Park)は、アリゾナ州にある米国の国立公園である。サワルオとも呼ばれる。
サワロ国立公園は2つの地区に分かれており、1つはツーソン市の中心から東へおよそ32 km(20 マイル)にあり、もう1つは西へ24 km(15 マイル)にある。総面積は、370 km²(91,327 エーカー)(143 平方マイル)で、そのうち289 km²(111 平方マイル)はウィルダネスに指定されている。それぞれの地区にビジター・センターがある。どちらもツーソンから車で簡単に行けるが、公共交通機関で行くことはできない。西側はツーソン山脈、東側はリンコン山脈 (Rincon Mountains) という大きな山脈を含むソノラ砂漠の素晴らしい地域を保護している。公園は、地域原産のサワロサボテン (ハシラサボテンの一種)からその名がある。その他の多くの種類のサボテン、タマサボテン (barrel cactus)、チョーヤカクタス、ウチワサボテン (prickly pear)も、公園内でよく見られる。レッサーハナナガコウモリ (Lesser Long-nosed Bat) という絶滅が危惧されている動物が一種、渡りの時期に公園に住む。また、準絶滅危惧種のニシアメリカフクロウもいる。公園への年間訪問者数は、およそ600,000人(2006年は、619,983人)である。

公園は、1933年5月1日、サワロ国定史跡 (Saguaro National Monument) として設立され、1994年10月14日、国立公園となった。

園内には、はっきり識別できる手入れの行き届いた240 km(150 マイル)のハイキング道とそれより短い解説付きの自然歩道もある。暑い夏季のハイキングはお勧めできない。



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June 23, 2016

MONTANA : Glacier Wildflowers - Blanket Flower

Gaillardia


Blanket Flower, Wildflowers of Glacier National Park, Montana

Gaillardia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gaillardia /ɡeɪˈlɑːrdiə/ (common name blanket flower) is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family, Asteraceae, native to North and South America. It was named after an M. Gaillard de Charentonneau, an 18th-century French magistrate who was a patron of botany. The common name may refer to the resemblance of the inflorescence to the brightly patterned blankets made by Native Americans, or to the ability of wild taxa to blanket the ground with colonies. Many cultivars have been bred for ornamental use.

These are annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, sometimes with rhizomes. The stem is usually branching and erect to a maximum height around 80 centimeters. The leaves are alternately arranged. Some taxa have only basal leaves. They vary in shape. They are glandular in most species. The inflorescence is a solitary flower head. The head can have 15 or more ray florets, while some taxa lack any ray florets. They can be almost any shade of yellow, orange, red, purplish, brown, white, or bicolored. They are sometimes rolled into a funnel shape. There are many tubular disc florets at the center of the head in a similar range of colors, and usually tipped with hairs. The fruit usually has a pappus of scales.


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June 17, 2016

MONTANA : Glacier Wildflowers - Pearly Everlasting

Anaphalis margaritacea


Pearly Everlasting (white bracts covering flowers), Wildflowers of Glacier National Park, Montana


Pearly Everlasting

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Anaphalis margaritacea, commonly known as the western pearly everlasting or pearly everlasting, is an Asian and North American species of flowering perennial plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across most of the United States and Canada, as well as northwestern Mexico. Asian populations are found in China, the Russian Far East, Japan, Korea, northern Indochina, and the Himalayas. The species is reportedly naturalized in Europe though not native there.


Anaphalis margaritacea (flowres fully open)
Wikipedia

Anaphalis margaritacea grows erect up to about 1.2 meters and has narrow, alternate leaves. One salient feature is that the undersides of the leaves are covered in tiny hairs, giving them a woolly feel and appearance. The stems are dry and brittle. The small whitish to yellowish flower grows in a corymb inflorescence. The inflorescence's most conspicuous part is the numerous white bracts that surround the disc florets.

The plant is dioecious, meaning the pollen-producing (male) and seed-producing (female) flowers are borne on separate plants. It prefers dry, sunny climates, although it is hardy to temperatures well below freezing. The leaves and young plants are edible when cooked.


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June 11, 2016

NAVAJO NATION : 2 birds and Eagle Mesa - Oljato-M.V.


Two Birds and Eagle Mesa


2 birds flying over Eagle Mesa, Oljato-Monument Valley, Navajo Nation : Utah/Arizona


Monument Valley
Monument Valley (Navajo: Tsé Biiʼ Ndzisgaii, meaning valley of the rocks) is a region of the Colorado Plateau characterized by a cluster of vast sandstone buttes, the largest reaching 1,000 ft (300 m) above the valley floor. It is located on the Arizona–Utah border (around 36°59′N 110°6′WCoordinates: 36°59′N 110°6′W), near the Four Corners area. The valley lies within the range of the Navajo Nation Reservation and is accessible from U.S. Highway 163.

Monument Valley has been featured in many forms of media since the 1930s. Director John Ford used the location for a number of his best-known films, and thus, in the words of critic Keith Phipps, "its five square miles [13 square kilometers] have defined what decades of moviegoers think of when they imagine the American West.

Geography and geology
The area is part of the Colorado Plateau. The elevation of the valley floor ranges from 5,000 to 6,000 feet (1,500 to 1,800 m) above sea level. The floor is largely siltstone of the Cutler Group, or sand derived from it, deposited by the meandering rivers that carved the valley. The valley's vivid red color comes from iron oxide exposed in the weathered siltstone. The darker, blue-gray rocks in the valley get their color from manganese oxide.

The buttes are clearly stratified, with three principal layers. The lowest layer is the Organ Rock Shale, the middle is de Chelly Sandstone, and the top layer is the Moenkopi Formation capped by Shinarump Conglomerate. The valley includes large stone structures including the famed "Eye of the Sun".

Between 1945 and 1967, the southern extent of the Monument Upwarp was mined for uranium, which occurs in scattered areas of the Shinarump Conglomerate; vanadium and copper are associated with uranium in some deposits.


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June 5, 2016

ARIZONA : The Sonoran Desert - Saguaro National Park


Cacti : West Unit


A close up image of a Saguaro Cactus in Saguaro National Park, Tucson, Arizona


Saguaro National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saguaro National Park is located in southern Arizona on the outskirts of Tucson and is a part of the United States National Park System. The park preserves the desert landscape, fauna and flora contained within two park sections, one east and the other west of Tucson. The park was established to protect its namesake—the giant saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea). Saguaro in this park are near the northernmost limit of their natural survival zone within the Sonoran Desert.


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