June 29, 2015

HAWAII : Haleakalā - Maui


H a l e a k a l ā
H A W A I I
aloha state


Sunrise Haleakalā National Park, Maui, Hawaii


Haleakalā

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Haleakalā (/ˌhɑːliːˌɑːkəˈlɑː/; Hawaiian: [ˈhɐleˈjɐkəˈlaː]), or the East Maui Volcano, is a massive shield volcano that forms more than 75% of the Hawaiian Island of Maui. The western 25% of the island is formed by another volcano, Mauna Kahalawai, which according to volcanologists, used to be over 13,000 feet high, but has collapsed and eroded down to a much smaller 5,100 feet. Mauna Kahalawai is the older of the two volcanoes at 1.4 million years old and Haleakala is 1.2 million years old. Mauna Kahalawai, because of all the erosion giving it the look of many mountains, is referred to as the West Maui Mountains.

The tallest peak of Haleakalā ("house of the sun"), at 10,023 feet (3,055 m), is Puʻu ʻUlaʻula (Red Hill). From the summit one looks down into a massive depression some 11.25 km (7 mi) across, 3.2 km (2 mi) wide, and nearly 800 m (2,600 ft) deep. The surrounding walls are steep and the interior mostly barren-looking with a scattering of volcanic cones.

History
Early Hawaiians applied the name Haleakalā ("house of the sun") to the general mountain. Haleakalā is also the name of a peak on the south western edge of Kaupō Gap. In Hawaiian folklore, the depression (crater) at the summit of Haleakalā was home to the grandmother of the demigod Māui. According to the legend, Māui's grandmother helped him capture the sun and force it to slow its journey across the sky in order to lengthen the day.



Haleakalā crater “House of the Sun” from Kalahaku Overlook, Maui, Hawaii


Geology
According to the United States Geological Survey USGS Volcano Warning Scheme for the United States the Volcanic-Alert Level as of June 2013 was "normal". A Normal status is used to designate typical volcanic activity in a non-eruptive phase. Haleakala has produced numerous eruptions in the last 30,000 years, including in the last 500 years. This volcanic activity has been along two rift zones, the southwest and east. These two rift zones together form an arc that extends from La Perouse Bay on the southwest, through the Haleakalā Crater and to Hāna, to the east. The east rift zone continues under the ocean beyond the east coast of Maui as Haleakalā Ridge, making the combined rift zones one of the longest in the Hawaiian Islands chain. Until recently, East Maui Volcano was thought to have last erupted around 1790, based largely on comparisons of maps made during the voyages of La Perouse and George Vancouver. Recent advanced dating tests, however, have shown that the last eruption was more likely to have been in the 17th century. These last flows from the southwest rift zone of Haleakalā make up the large lava deposits of the Ahihi Kina`u/La Perouse Bay area of South Maui. In addition, contrary to popular belief, Haleakalā "crater" is not volcanic in origin, nor can it accurately be called a caldera (which is formed when the summit of a volcano collapses to form a depression). Scientists believe that Haleakalā's "crater" was formed when the headwalls of two large erosional valleys merged at the summit of the volcano. These valleys formed the two large gaps — Koʻolau on the north side and Kaupō on the south — on either side of the depression.



Haleakalā National Park, Maui, Hawaii


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June 22, 2015

HAWAII : "Elephant Ears" Taro Fields - Kauai


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Hanalei
H A W A I I
aloha state


Taro fields in Hanalei Valley of Kauai, Hawaii


Hanalei Valley Taro Fields, Kauai, Hawaii



Hanalei River in Hanalei Valley, Kauai, Hawaii


Elephant Ears

The Hawaiian taro fields (kalo lo’i) of Hanalei are one the main sources of cultivation for Hawaii’s favorite starch, the taro (kalo) root. This respected plant can be prepared many ways and is eaten in its entirety. The lo’í or irrigated terrace is the vast paddy that feeds and nurtures the kalo. These colorful paddy’s are harvested year around and the taro farmers work relentlessly in knee deep mud and battle such enemies and apple snails and droughts to maintain lush productive fields.


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Nina Persson
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June 15, 2015

NAVAJO NATION : The Tear Drop Arch - Monument Valley


Monument
Valley
ARIZONA
grand canyon
U T A H
beehive state


Horseshoe Canyon, Arizona/Utah





 Tear Drop Arch, Dusk, Horseshoe Canyon, Arizona/Utah




Tear Drop Arch in Afternoon, Horseshoe Canyon, Arizona/Utah




Tear Drop Arch, Sunset, Horseshoe Canyon, Arizona/Utah





Tear Drop Arch, Twilight, Horseshoe Canyon, Arizona/Utah


Tear Drop Arch is very closed to Monument Vallery.
It is located at the other side of the visitor Center.


Tear Drop Arch, Horseshoe Canyon
Monument Vallery Navajo Tribal Park, Navajo Nation Reservation, Arizona/Utah


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Steve Kuhn
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June 8, 2015

UTAH : Delicate Arch - Arches National Park


Delicate Arch
U  T  A  H
beehive state



 Delicate Arch session 1, Arches National Park


Delicate Arch
Delicate Arch is a 65-foot-tall (20 m) freestanding natural arch located in Arches National Park near Moab, Utah, United States. It is the most widely recognized landmark in Arches National Park and is depicted on Utah license plates and on a postage stamp commemorating Utah's centennial anniversary of statehood in 1996. The Olympic torch relay for the 2002 Winter Olympics passed through the arch.

History
Because of its distinctive shape, the arch was known as "the Chaps" and "the Schoolmarm's Bloomers" by local cowboys. It was given its current name by Frank Beckwith, leader of the Arches National Monument Scientific Expedition, who explored the area in the winter of 1933–1934. (The story that the names of Delicate Arch and Landscape Arch were inadvertently exchanged due to a signage mixup by the National Park Service is false.)

This arch played no part in the original designation of the area as a U.S. National Monument in 1929, and was not included within the original boundaries; it was added when the monument was enlarged in 1938.

In the 1950s, the National Park Service investigated the possibility of applying a clear plastic coating to the arch to protect it from further erosion and eventual destruction. The idea was ultimately abandoned as impractical and contrary to NPS principles.

Geology
Delicate Arch is formed of Entrada Sandstone. The original sandstone fin was gradually worn away by weathering and erosion, leaving the arch. Other arches in the park were formed the same way but, due to placement and less dramatic shape, are not as famous.
Wikipedia


Delicate Arch session 2, Arches National Park


Delicate Arch - Arches National Park

u t a h

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Antonio Figura New York Trio
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June 1, 2015

ENGLAND : Lendal Bridge - UK


URBAN-STREET VIGNETTES



The conical topped Barker Tower at the south-west end of Lendal Bridge.
The Lendal Tower at the north-east end of Lendal Bridge.
Lendal Bridge over the River Ouse.
York, England



the River Ouse
Y  O  R  K
e n g l a n d


Lendal Bridge


Lendal Bridge from the South Bank, looking downstream Lendal Bridge stands on the site of a former rope-ferry where the city walls break for the River Ouse. This was the ferry used by Florence Nightingale when she visited York en route to Castle Howard in 1852.

The bridge connects two medieval towers: Lendal Tower on the east bank and Barker Tower on the west bank. It was designed by civil engineer Thomas Page, who also designed London's Westminster Bridge. It is made of cast iron, and has a single span of 53 metres (175ft). Page's bridge was the second attempt to build a bridge on the site. The first, begun in 1860 by William Dredge, collapsed during construction, and five workmen were killed. Parts of the structure were later taken to Scarborough and used in the Valley Bridge there.

In 1861, permission was obtained from Parliament for a new bridge to be built, and the Corporation of York requested Thomas Page to design a replacement. His Gothic Revival bridge opened in 1863.  Lendal Bridge links Station Road with Museum Street and thus York railway station with York Minster, and is part of York's Inner Ring Road.  Lendal Bridge was used in Damon and Debbie, a 1987 spin-off of soap Brookside for the scenes where long-running character Damon Grant was murdered.


York, England, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


e n g l a n d

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Antonio Figura - New York Trio
Antonio Figura New York Trio - Josephine
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